What can the World’s Best Investor Teach Us?
I’ve been fascinated with the stock market for as long as I’ve known about it. I ran a “dummy portfolio” competition against classmates when I was at school and since then, when I was finally able to, bought a few stocks on my own whenever I had a little spare cash. I’ve had my share of disasters over the years and a few big wins, “ten baggers” as they are sometimes called.
These days I’m a fan of value investing rather than speculation, buying slivers of successful businesses rather than gambling on what a share price might or might not do. And as a value investor I am of course a fan of Warren Buffett, known as the worlds greatest investor, the Sage of Omaha. The shares in Berkshire Hathaway he started buying up in the 1960’s for $7.50 are now worth a staggering $250,000 each.
Buffet’s investing principles, based on the work of Benjamin Graham, involve a fixed set of criteria for any business he invests in. If any one of the success criteria are missing, he probably wouldn’t bother getting involved, unless he could fix the flaw. One of these criteria, is the principle of The Moat. To be successful the business must have some form of “unbreachable Moat.” There are several different types of moat, but a couple of them relate directly to our world, the complex world of forging a career in magic.
The Brand Moat – One of the intangible moats is the power of the brand. A good brand is hard to copy. It makes it hard for competitors to muscle in on your territory and it allows you to charge a premium. Great magicians often develop that for their business. Some examples – David Kaye’s “Silly Billy”, at his peak charging far more than the average entertainer in his market. Steve Cohen in the same city. Siegfried & Roy, carved out an empire with both intangible and physical moats. The Illusionists franchise is doing the same thing. Solo performers like Derren Brown, Pop Hayden, Piff the Magic Dragon or Raymond Crowe all have that clear strong brand. Action – Is your image and brand clearly defined?
The Switching Moat – Another moat that Buffett looked for, was businesses with sticky customers. Where the cost for the customer to switch to another company is high, in terms of learning curve, time and money. A great business example here would be the software product AutoDesk. Tricky to learn and once installed in their customers business, few of them change away from it, allowing AutoDesk to charge appropriately.
Magicians can use this principle too. Getting to be the “preferred Performer” at a venue for instance. They suggest you to their clients, knowing that you are easy to work with, have security clearance etc. The regular gig at a restaurant fits here too. You understand the way they work, the rhythm of the service, the demographics of the clientele. They don’t need to re-train you each time. It’s a win-win. Trade show workers often develop long term relationships with their clients, becoming indispensible members of the team . Conference organisers are another sticky client. I have one client who uses me for 10 multiday events each year. My MC colleague Scott Williams here in Australia has just done his 14th year in a row for one particular client! Action – Have a look at your clients and decide who are the sticky ones. Look after them well. Or if you are targeting new clients, why not focus on those who have the potential to become sticky, rather than just be a one off gig.
Which ever way you do it, listen to the success advice of Warren Buffett, work on your Moat, making it wider, deeper and filling it with alligators.
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This resembles the 5 Forces model by Porter. To increase profitability you need:
* Low buyer bargaining power (brand achieves this)
* Low supplier power: Agent fees etc.
* High switching cost (deliver a unique value proposition)
* High barrier to new entrants: how easy is it for other’s to copy you?
Oh, that’s great Peter! I’m going to read up on that. Thanks for seeing the connection. Timothy